Heartland Small Cap Value Plus Strategy 1Q21 Portfolio Manager Commentary

 Executive Summary

  • The portfolio was up sharply and kept pace with its benchmark, the Russell 2000® Value Index. 
  • Investors have finally shown a willingness to look beyond a small pool of large-cap names. 
  • We welcome investors’ increased attention to smaller companies, but also think the current “extreme optimism” is overdone. 
  • We are taking a longer view by seeking businesses we believe could be well positioned to weather long-term uncertainty. 

First Quarter Market Discussion

Extreme optimism took hold of the market as investors responded to approval of a $1.9 trillion deluge of new stimulus spending by the federal government and the rapid rollout of COVID-19 vaccinations. The euphoria led to a widespread runup for equities and drove the so-called Buffett indicator to its highest level in of the past 35 years. The ratio, shown below, compares the market cap of virtually all publicly traded U.S. companies to the GDP of the U.S. As illustrated, investors are paying nearly $1.85 for every dollar of GDP produced—or about 40% more than the historical average. When updated GDP numbers are released in the coming weeks, we expect that ratio to move even higher.
 
Total Market Cap to GDP  

Heartland Advisors Value Investing Total Market Cap to GDP Chart

Source: FactSet Research Systems Inc., Quarterly data 3/29/1985 to 12/31/2020. Total Market Cap is represented by the Wilshire 5000 Total Market Index. All indices are unmanaged. It is not possible to invest directly in an index.
Past performance does not guarantee future results.

The buoyant mood reflected by the Buffett indicator led investors to flock to more volatile names and leveraged companies. The willingness to embrace debt-laden businesses continues a trend evident during the past few quarters—but now, investors have finally shown a willingness to look beyond a small pool of large-cap names. The result was outperformance by shares of smaller companies.

Attribution Analysis

The portfolio was up sharply and kept pace with its benchmark, the Russell 2000® Value Index, for the period. Stock selection in Information Technology was strong as were holdings in the Utilities sector. The portfolio’s holdings in Consumer Discretionary were up sharply but lagged the benchmark average for the group.  
 
Heartland Advisors Value Investing Health Care Sector IconHealthy growth. The portfolio’s Health Care names were up on a relative and absolute basis and built on strength they enjoyed in late 2020. Phibro Animal Health Corp. (PAHC), was up double-digits for the second consecutive period.
 
Phibro, an animal health and mineral nutrition company that produces vaccines, microbial products, and medicated feed additives, saw its shares rise after reporting better than expected earnings in February. We anticipate the company should continue to see healthy gains in free cash flow generation in 2021, as it begins to reap the benefits of investments made in 2020.
 
Additionally, Phibro has seen growing demand for its products as animal production has rebounded following a slowdown in the meat packing industry due to COVID-19. As food inflation has accelerated, we expect Phibro’s products will see increasing demand as the company’s customers look to capitalize on rising protein prices. Despite the favorable outlook for the company, shares trade at 10x estimates of 2022 enterprise value/earnings before interest, depreciation and amortization (EV/EBITDA).
 
Heartland Advisors Value Investing Information Technology Sector IconIn control. The portfolio’s IT holdings boosted results and we continue to find opportunities in a variety of industries in the space. Methode Electronics, Inc. (MEI) is a manufacturer of electronic controls and components primarily for the automobile and industrial end markets and is an example of the type of business we favor.
 
Shares of Methode advanced nearly 10% during the period following management reporting solid quarterly results and a robust sales forecast for 2022 along with improving margins. 
 
The company offers an attractive mix of steady revenue from an established core business and rapid growth from its electric/hybrid vehicle, which may see sales double within the next year. Additionally, Methode’s management team has been aggressive in paying down debt and has optimized costs following recent acquisitions.
 
With Methode shares trading at 7.5x estimates of 2022 EV/EBITDA, we believe the company is an attractive opportunity to capture growing cash flows at a price that could mitigate downside risk. 
 

Portfolio Activity 

As bottom-up stock pickers, we continue to focus on individual companies and their ability to succeed in a variety of economic scenarios. However, we also recognize that any unforeseen economic headwinds, higher interest rates or inflationary pressures could be particularly damaging to highly levered companies. 
 
In response, our work continues to center on balance sheet strength and prudent use of capital, and we seek to avoid companies that undertake large-scale transformative acquisitions. Instead, we prefer businesses that are involved in selling off noncore, underperforming business lines or those that have the financial wherewithal to opportunistically make small-scale, bolt-on purchases that further enhance core competencies.
 

Outlook and Positioning

While we welcome investors’ increased attention to smaller companies, we also think the current “extreme optimism” is overdone. The flood of liquidity injected into the market along with still low interest rates has set the stage, we believe, for future growth to pale in comparison to the artificially juiced numbers many companies are currently forecasting.

The willingness to extrapolate the effects of government stimulus into the foreseeable future is misguided, in our view. While the economic outlook has improved given the development of COVID-19 vaccines, the sustainability of economic growth when government checks dry up is still unknown. The latest government stimulus is likely to offer a temporary boost to production and demand, but we expect the long-term expansion to be tepid due to excessive corporate and government debt depressing the economy. 

As such, we are taking a longer view by seeking businesses we believe could be well positioned to weather long-term uncertainty. We believe this tactic will produce a portfolio of companies that should endure when interest rates rise and government stimulus dries up.

Thank you for your continued trust and confidence.

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Portfolio Management Team

Bradford A. Evans

Evans, CFA, is Senior Vice President and Portfolio Manager of the Value Plus Fund and its corresponding separately managed account strategy. He has 25 years of industry experience, 22 at Heartland.

Andrew J. Fleming

Fleming, CFA, is Vice President and Portfolio Manager of the Value Plus Fund and its corresponding separately managed account strategy. He has 12 years of industry experience, 9 at Heartland.

Composite Returns*

3/31/2021

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Since Inception (%)10-Year (%)5-Year (%)3-Year (%)1-Year (%)YTD (%)QTD (%)
Small Cap Value Plus Composite (Net of Advisory Fees)**8.878.6515.9115.5677.9920.3120.31
Small Cap Value Plus Composite (Net of Bundled Fees)7.997.9215.3314.9877.1220.1720.17
Russell 2000® Value8.4310.0613.5611.5797.0521.1721.17

Source: FactSet Research Systems Inc., Russell Investment Group, and Heartland Advisors, Inc.
*Performance data is preliminary. Yearly and quarterly returns are not annualized. The Strategy's inception date is 11/30/2007. 
**Shown as supplemental information. 

The US Dollar is the currency used to express performance. Returns are presented net of advisory fees and net of bundled fees and include the reinvestment of all income. The returns net of bundled fees were calculated by subtracting the highest applicable sponsor portion of the separately managed wrap account fee from the net of advisor fees return.

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©2021 Heartland Advisors | 790 N. Water Street, Suite 1200, Milwaukee, WI 53202 | Business Office: 414-347-7777 | Financial Professionals: 888-505-5180 | Individual Investors: 800-432-7856

†Composite return is net of advisory fees.

Past performance does not guarantee future results.

The Small Cap Value Plus Strategy primarily invests in companies that have a market capitalization between $250 million and $4 billion, with a majority of its assets invested in companies that pay dividends. The Strategy intends to capture the long-term appreciation of small-caps, while minimizing the volatility of returns inherent in the small-cap market.

The Small Cap Value Plus Strategy invests in small companies selected on a value basis. Such securities generally are more volatile and less liquid than those of larger companies.

Value investments are subject to the risk that their intrinsic value may not be recognized by the broad market.

Heartland Advisors, Inc. (the "Firm") claims compliance with the Global Investment Performance Standards (GIPS®). The Firm is a wholly owned subsidiary of Heartland Holdings, Inc., and is registered with the Securities and Exchange Commission. For a complete list and description of Heartland Advisors composites and/or a presentation that adheres to the GIPS® standards, contact the Institutional Sales Team at Heartland Advisors, Inc. at the address listed below.

GIPS® is a registered trademark of CFA Institute. CFA Institute does not endorse or promote this organization, nor does it warrant the accuracy or quality of the content contained herein.

As of 3/31/2021, Methode Electronics, Inc. and Phibro Animal Health Corp. represented 2.81% and 3.03% of the Small Cap Value Plus Composite, respectively.  

Statements regarding securities are not recommendations to buy or sell.

Portfolio holdings are subject to change.

Current and future holdings are subject to risk.

Separately managed accounts and related investment advisory services are provided by Heartland Advisors, Inc., a federally registered investment advisor. ALPS Distributors, Inc., is not affiliated with Heartland Advisors, Inc.

The statements and opinions expressed in this article are those of the presenter(s). Any discussion of investments and investment strategies represents the presenters’ views as of the date created and are subject to change without notice. The opinions expressed are for general information only and are not intended to provide specific advice or recommendations for any individual. The specific securities discussed, which are intended to illustrate the advisor’s investment style, do not represent all of the securities purchased, sold, or recommended by the advisor for client accounts, and the reader should not assume that an investment in these securities was or would be profitable in the future. Certain security valuations and forward estimates are based on Heartland Advisors’ calculations. Any forecasts may not prove to be true. 

Economic predictions are based on estimates and are subject to change.

There is no guarantee that a particular investment strategy will be successful.

Sector and Industry classifications are sourced from GICS®.The Global Industry Classification Standard (GICS®) is the exclusive intellectual property of MSCI Inc. (MSCI) and S&P Global Market Intelligence (“S&P”).  Neither MSCI, S&P, their affiliates, nor any of their third party providers (“GICS Parties”) makes any representations or warranties, express or implied, with respect to GICS or the results to be obtained by the use thereof, and expressly disclaim all warranties, including warranties of accuracy, completeness, merchantability and fitness for a particular purpose.  The GICS Parties shall not have any liability for any direct, indirect, special, punitive, consequential or any other damages (including lost profits) even if notified of such damages.

Heartland Advisors defines market cap ranges by the following indices: micro-cap by the Russell Microcap®, small-cap by the Russell 2000®, mid-cap by the Russell Midcap®, large-cap by the Russell Top 200®.

Because of ongoing market volatility, performance may be subject to substantial short-term changes.

Dividends are not guaranteed and a company’s future ability to pay dividends may be limited. A company currently paying dividends may cease paying dividends at any time.

There is no assurance that dividend-paying stocks will mitigate volatility.

CFA® is a registered trademark owned by the CFA Institute.

Russell Investment Group is the source and owner of the trademarks, service marks and copyrights related to the Russell Indices. Russell® is a trademark of the Frank Russell Investment Group.

Data sourced from FactSet: Copyright 2021 FactSet Research Systems Inc., FactSet Fundamentals. All rights reserved.

Heartland’s investing glossary provides definitions for several terms used on this page.

Bolt-on Acquisition refers to a company that is added by a private equity firm to one of its platform companies. Bottom-up is an investment approach that de-emphasizes the significance of economic and market cycles. This approach focuses on the analysis of individual stocks and the investor focuses his or her attention on a specific company rather than on the industry in which that company operates or on the economy as a whole. Cyclical Stocks cover Basic Materials, Capital Goods, Communications, Consumer Cyclical, Energy, Financial, Technology, and Transportation which tend to react to a variety of market conditions that can send them up or down and often relate to business cycles. Earnings Before Interest, Taxes, Depreciation and Amortization (EBITDA) measures a company’s financial performance. It is used to analyze and compare profitability between companies and industries because it eliminates the effects of financing and accounting decisions. Free Cash Flow is the amount of cash a company has after expenses, debt service, capital expenditures, and dividends. The higher the free cash flow, the stronger the company’s balance sheet. Russell 2000® Value Index measures the performance of those Russell 2000® companies with lower price/book ratios and lower forecasted growth characteristics. All indices are unmanaged. It is not possible to invest directly in an index. Volatility is a statistical measure of the dispersion of returns for a given security or market index which can either be measured by using the standard deviation or variance between returns from that same security or market index. Commonly, the higher the volatility, the riskier the security.

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