Leaving no Margin for Error?

Investors who view continuing low interest rates as an all-clear sign for heavily leveraged companies may want to look at the chart below before breaking out the champagne. It shows that on a per-share basis, interest costs—driven by voracious borrowing—have hit a level not seen since the financial crisis a decade ago.

Interest Expense Highest Since Financial Crisis 

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So why does this matter? Higher debt-servicing costs could translate to pressure on profit margins as businesses need to siphon from top line revenue to satisfy creditors. 
Margin compression is a concern for investors against any economic backdrop much less the late stages of a decade-long expansion. If the economy slows and consumers and corporations curb their spending, the negative effects of interest costs will be amplified as fixed debt payments will eat into ever-smaller revenue streams.
While the temptation for management to borrow on the cheap in an effort to expand and goose sales can be strong, history hasn’t been forgiving of that approach. As a result, we think in the quarters ahead businesses that have been running with clean balance sheets will once again gain favor with investors.


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Heartland Advisors Value Investing Research Analyst Andrew Fleming

Andrew J. Fleming

Fleming, CFA, is Vice President and Portfolio Manager of the Value Plus Fund and its corresponding separately managed account strategy. He has 10 years of industry experience, 7 at Heartland.

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