Heartland Value Plus Fund 4Q16 Portfolio Manager Commentary

Executive Summary

  • Stock selection in a majority of sectors was strong and helped the Fund beat its benchmark, the Russell 2000® Value Index, returning 17.36% versus 14.07%.
  • Anticipated tax reform, deregulation and a less influential Federal Reserve boosted optimism among business leaders.
  • Our focus remains on balance sheet strength and margin expansion opportunities.
  • The transition from a macro-driven market to one focused on company fundamentals should continue.

Fourth Quarter Market Discussion

A surprise outcome in the presidential election and growing confidence that the Federal Reserve was on the path of raising rates from artificially low levels unleashed a wave of optimism that pushed markets to new highs.

Investors concluded the incoming administration is business friendly, a proponent of tax reform and deregulation, and likely to lead to a less influential Federal Reserve. These factors were viewed as catalysts for growth, and economically sensitive sectors benefited most. Meanwhile, rising interest rates made so-called bond proxies less appealing, causing Utilities and Real Estate Investment Trusts to lag.

Optimism about potential economic growth spread beyond Wall Street and into executive suites. As shown, confidence among chief executives spiked following the election and reached its highest level in almost two years. We believe CEOs’ positive outlook supports the case for growth and healthy inflation and should result in near-term business investment.

CEO Confidence on the Rise

Heartland Value Plus Fund Portfolio Manager Commentary CEO Confidence Chart

Source: Bloomberg L.P., 11/30/2002 to 11/30/2016
CEO Confidence Index: Chief Executive Magazine conducts a monthly survey of CEOs' expectations for overall business conditions over the coming year using a rating scale of 1 to 10 (9-10 being excellent and 1-2 being poor).

Attribution Analysis

Security selection in a majority of sectors was positive and helped the Fund beat its benchmark, the Russell 2000® Value Index. An overweight to and strong selection in Industrials boosted results. Our holdings in Materials were also key contributors. Allocation decisions were additive, with an overweight to Energy and underweights to Utilities and Real Estate boosting performance. An underweight to Financials detracted.

Heartland Advisors value investing portfolio manager commentary Industrials iconStaffing up. Industrials holding Heidrick & Struggles International, Inc. (HSII) exemplifies what resonated this quarter. The staffing services company was a top contributor after it posted better than expected earnings on solid growth. Management also noted that executive search activity has been up the past two months, reversing some softness experienced this summer.

We are encouraged by the company’s growth prospects and believe an improving economy should boost revenues. Additionally, the company’s balance sheet strength is an underappreciated asset, in our view. With cash reserves and no debt, the staffing firm can make strategic acquisitions or hire additional consultants—a low cost way to increase operating leverage and drive margins higher. Additionally, Heidrick & Struggles’ clean balance sheet should help it withstand unanticipated challenges if the economy treads water in the near term.

Heartland Advisors value investing portfolio manager commentary Materials iconA green outlook? Our Materials names were up sharply and outpaced the Index. American Vanguard Corporation (AVD), a manufacturer of chemicals and insecticides used in agriculture, was a strong contributor. The company’s sales have been down as corn prices have been under pressure from bumper crops. Soft sales and efforts by intermediaries to reduce product inventories put downward pressure on margins as manufacturing slowed and the company’s factories operated at less than capacity.  However, management recently reported an uptick in sales for herbicides used on non-corn crops such as cotton. We believe this could be the beginning of a broader recovery in agriculture that will lead to top-line growth.

With channel inventories under control, an uptick in sales would also lead to higher margins, which would provide additional flexibility for the company to pursue attractive product acquisitions from competitors as they become available.

With the stock trading at 1.9x stated book value (BV) versus long-term average of 2.83x, we believe the market isn’t fully valuing AVD’s operating leverage and is overlooking its capital allocation strength, which can be used to fund organic growth, pay down debt, and buy back shares.

Heartland Advisors value investing portfolio manager commentary Consumer Discretionary iconWell heeled. Our Consumer Discretionary holdings were up on an absolute basis but lagged the benchmark. Wolverine World Wide, Inc. (WWW), a maker of premium casual footwear is an example of the kind of company we favor in the space. The manufacturer and marketer of Sperry, Merrell and Saucony shoes is in the early stages of reducing its store count and is seeking to divest its non-core brands and focus on higher-margin business.

Wolverine’s strong brands, high margins, cost cutting initiatives, and prudent capital allocation make the company compelling, in our view. With just 2.5x total debt to earnings before taxes, interest, depreciation, and amortization (EBITDA), the company’s balance sheet provides it flexibility as it reconfigures its business, in our view. Trading at 10x estimated 2017 EBITDA versus the 11x to 12x range for its low-growth peers, the shoe maker also offers the potential for downside protection should its initiatives take longer than expected to produce results.

Portfolio Activity  

While the economic backdrop appears to be brightening, we continue to focus on businesses that:

  1. can generate margin expansion through self-help,
  2. are prudent allocators of capital, and
  3. have low debt.

We are avoiding businesses we expect will undertake significant capital expenditures in the near term and are finding businesses that can thrive in a growing economy.

Companies with opportunities to reduce costs and improve margins through internally focused efforts should be able to capitalize on operating leverage in an expanding economy or modestly grow earnings should sales remain flat.

We’ve trimmed some holdings on recent strength and redeployed assets into our smaller positions. The result is a compact portfolio of about 50 names with approximately 30% of assets held in the 10 largest positions.

Heartland Value Plus Fund portfolio manager commentary quote

Outlook and Positioning

The transition from a market driven by macro events to one focused on individual company fundamentals should continue. We believe a renewed interest on valuations and earnings prospects reflects improved clarity for the economy.

The recent strong run for equities has led some investors to question whether valuations have gotten ahead of themselves. While pockets of the market appear expensive, as bottom-up investors we are focused on the valuations and business prospects of individual names we hold as opposed to the price-to-earnings of a broad index.  

Additionally, we want to own businesses that have strong balance sheets and that employ solid capital allocation strategies. Companies that can drive operational improvements regardless of the macro backdrop should produce solid results in multiple environments and be recognized by the markets.

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Portfolio Management Team

Heartland Advisors Value Investing Portfolio Manager Bradford A. Evans

Bradford A. Evans

Evans, CFA, is Senior Vice President and Portfolio Manager of the Value Plus Fund and its corresponding separately managed account strategy. He has 21 years of industry experience, 18 at Heartland.

Heartland Advisors Value Investing Research Analyst Andrew Fleming

Andrew J. Fleming

Fleming, CFA, is Vice President and Portfolio Manager of the Value Plus Fund and its corresponding separately managed account strategy. He has 8 years of industry experience, 5 at Heartland.

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In the prospectus (pdf) dated 5/1/2017, the gross expense ratios for the investor and institutional class of the Value Plus Fund are 1.19% and 0.97%, respectively. The Advisor has voluntarily agreed to waive fees and/or reimburse expenses with respect to the institutional class, to the extent necessary to maintain the institutional class “Net Annual Operating Expenses” at a ratio not to exceed 0.99% of average daily net assets. This voluntary waiver/reimbursement may be discontinued at any time. Without such waivers and/or reimbursements, total returns may have been lower.

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An investor should consider the Funds’ investment objectives, risks, and charges and expenses carefully before investing or sending money. This and other important information may be found in the prospectus (pdf). To obtain a print prospectus, call 800-432-7856. Please read the prospectus carefully before investing.

Because of ongoing market volatility, performance may be subject to substantial short-term changes.

The statements and opinions expressed in the articles or appearances are those of the presenter. Any discussion of investments and investment strategies represents the presenters' views as of the date created and are subject to change without notice. The opinions expressed are for general information only and are not intended to provide specific advice or recommendations for any individual. The specific securities discussed, which are intended to illustrate the advisor’s investment style, do not represent all of the securities purchased, sold, or recommended by the advisor for client accounts, and the reader should not assume that an investment in these securities was or would be profitable in the future. Certain security valuations and forward estimates are based on Heartland Advisors’ calculations. Any forecasts may not prove to be true.

Economic predictions are based on estimates and are subject to change.

As of 12/31/2016, American Vanguard Corporation, Heidrick & Struggles International, Inc., and Wolverine World Wide, Inc. represented 2.15%, 2.93%, and 1.64% of the Value Plus Fund’s adjusted net assets, respectively.

Portfolio holdings are subject to change without notice. Current and future portfolio holdings are subject to risk.

Sector and industry classifications as determined by Heartland Advisors may reference data from sources such as FactSet Research Systems Inc. or the Global Industry Classification Codes (GICS) developed by Standard & Poor’s and Morgan Stanley Capital International.

Heartland Advisors defines market cap ranges by the following indices: micro-cap by the Russell Microcap®, small-cap by the Russell 2000®, mid-cap by the Russell Midcap®, large-cap by the Russell Top 200®.

There is no assurance that dividend-paying stocks will mitigate volatility.

There is no guarantee that a particular investment strategy will be successful.

The Value Plus Fund invests in small companies that are generally less liquid and more volatile than large companies. The Fund also invests in a smaller number of stocks (generally 40 to 70) than the average mutual fund. The performance of these holdings generally will increase the volatility of the Fund’s returns.

Value investments are subject to the risk that their intrinsic value may not be recognized by the broad market.

Heartland’s investing glossary provides definitions for several terms used on this page.

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