Fourth Quarter Market Discussion
Investor confidence surged following the presidential election and drove the major indexes to new highs. Economic optimism pushed yields up as investors abandoned Treasuries in favor of equities. Meanwhile, U.S. and global credit spreads tightened, underscoring greater confidence and growing comfort toward risk.
An agreement among the Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) to cut production also contributed to strength. Investors viewed the supply constraints as a necessary element in a lasting recovery for the Energy sector.
The bullish tone benefited economically sensitive sectors such as Financials, Materials and Industrials the most while defensive areas and so-called bond proxies like Utilities lagged. Across sector lines, attractively valued companies demonstrated strength, as shown, continuing a trend in place for much of the year.
Value Continues to Shine
Russell 3000® Value Index Less Russell 3000® Growth Index
Source: Bloomberg L.P. and Russell®, 12/31/2015 to 12/30/2016
Additional information for indexes shown at end of commentary.
All indices are unmanaged. It is not possible to invest in an index.
Past performance does not guarantee future results.
Security selection in the majority of sectors was positive, and the Fund outperformed its Russell Midcap® Value benchmark.
Holdings in Consumer Staples and Financials were noteworthy on both an absolute and relative basis. Allocation decisions were mostly positive, with a significant underweight to Real Estate serving as a key contributor.
Beyond the banks. Our Financials holdings outpaced the benchmark and were driven by the Fund’s Insurance names.
CNA Financial Corp. (CNA), a diversified insurance provider, was up after it reported better than expected earnings and continued progress toward winding down or exiting less profitable business lines.
The company brought in an industry executive who is well suited to lead its transformation, and we expect the business will improve its level of return on equity. New leadership is likely to bring experienced producers from a top competitor on board. We also believe management will cut expenses where appropriate.
Despite CNA’s improved underwriting and strong leadership, shares are trading at just 90% of book value. The company’s low dividend payout ratio provides room for dividend growth and/or a one-time special dividend in the future. We believe the multiple doesn’t accurately reflect significant upside potential.
Good chemistry. The Fund’s Materials holdings outpaced the benchmark with Olin Corporation (OLN), the world’s largest chlor-alkali producer, driving the majority of outperformance in the space. The company announced solid earnings and progress on raising prices to consumers. Shares also benefited from expectations for increasing demand and decreasing capacity both domestically and in the European Union. Olin continues to make strides in optimizing its asset base and logistics footprint.
Technology glitch. The portfolio’s Information Technology (IT) holdings were up, but the group contained a key detractor.
Top 10 holding CA, Inc. (CA) was down after reporting solid earnings but softer-than-expected new sales in its enterprise solutions business. Shares also faced pressure as investors turned away from slow-growth, cash-producing IT names in favor of economically sensitive areas.
Given CA’s free cash flow to enterprise value yield of almost 8% and a 3.3% dividend yield, we believe investors are overlooking the company’s growth in software as a service (SAAS) sales that are independent of mainframe renewals. The traction in the SAAS business should lead to top-line and earnings growth in the coming quarters.
The Fund continues to hold high-quality companies as measured by balance sheet strength, free cash flow generating capabilities and returns on capital. Given that much of the recent run up in stocks was driven by expanding valuation multiples, earnings growth going forward will be key to supporting current market prices. However, businesses that offer modest growth can still make for profitable investments if they are trading at a significant discount to their historic levels.
Diamond in the rough. Recent addition Signet Jewelers Limited (SIG) should see strong bottom-line growth from a combination of increased revenue and greater efficiencies as it digests a recent acquisition.
The company operates under the Jared, Kay, and Zales brands. As the largest jeweler in the U.S., Signet controls approximately 15% of the market compared to 1% or less for peers. This advantage in scale has allowed the company to gain share from small mom-and-pop stores and provides opportunities to reduce costs and improve results. For example, management is focused on increasing sales at its Zales stores by focusing on higher-ticket bridal sets.
Signet is completing a review of its in-store financing business. The analysis could lead the company to divest the business or result in the loans being packaged and sold as securities. In either case, we view the potential move as a positive development.
Outlook and Positioning
Our outlook has tempered. The markets appear to have entered a transition phase. As economic sentiment has improved, cyclical areas have been rewarded and valuations have expanded. Some of the froth has been removed from more defensive areas, but multiples remain elevated in most cases.
Against this backdrop, we are focused on striking a balance between great companies at moderate discounts and average businesses at deep discounts. Our efforts have resulted in a portfolio with compelling upside that trades at a discount based on valuation multiples we track versus its benchmark, the Russell Midcap® Value Index.
We continue to seek idiosyncratic factors that provide our businesses with the greatest opportunity to succeed. As always, balance sheets are a key focus in our analysis. Companies with favorable liquidity and strong, consistent free cash flow should be in a healthy position to succeed. Additionally, companies that can drive earnings growth—whether through cost savings or increased sales—should be well positioned to keep pace with heightened investor expectations.
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